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                中国美术史第二章ppt

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1914NIANLISHUTONGZAIZHEJIANGLIANGJISHIFANXUETANG,1915NIANLIUHAISUZAISHANGHAILVXIANKAISHINANXINGRENTIXIESHENG。CIHOUGENGYINKAIZHANNVRENTIXIESHENGLVYOUGONGJIJIJINZHIZHISHI,LIUHAISUDENGJULILIZHENG,ZAOWUSHENGLIANJUNTONGSHUAISUNCHUANFANGTONGJIHESHANGHAIXIANZHANGWEIDAOFENGKONGGAO。CISHIYANXUDA10NIANZHIJIU,ZUJIANFENGJIANSIXIANGZHIMINGWANJIXIHUAJIAOYUZHIJIANNAN。 2、GUANWUXIFANGXIESHIZHUYIHUIHUAYUXIANDAIZHULIUPAIDEZHENGLUN ZHEIYILUNZHENGZHENGSHIYOUHUAZAIZHONGGUOLUOGEN、SHENRUZHIHOUDEBIAOZHENG 1929NIAN,MINGUODIYICIQUANGUOMEIZHANQIJIAN,XUBEIHONGZHUANWEN《HUO》,RENWEIZHONGGUOYOUPOTIANHUANGZHIMEISHUZHANLANHUI,KEYUNXISHI,ZHIDECHENGHE。ERZUIKEHEZHE,NAIZAIWUSAISHANG、MADISI、MONAIDENGWUCHIZHIZUO。”XUZHIMOZHUAN《WOYE“HUO”》,RENWEIXUBEIHONGZAIHOUQIYINXIANGPAIWUSHIJIEFENGXINGZHISHIYOUCIGUANDIAN“SHIDAIBIAOYIZHONGFANDONG” ZHEICHANGERXUZHIZHENGSHIDUIXIFANGWENHUADEXUANZEXINGJIESHOUZHONGBUKEBIMIANDEFENZHENG,ERQIEYUSHILEWEIRENSHENGYUWEIYISHU、DAZHONGWENHUAYUJINGYINGWENHUADEJINYIBUSHENRUTAOLUN WU、JUELANSHE 1931NIAN9YUE,TICHANGXIFANGXIANDAIYISHUDEPANGXUNQIN、NIYIDEDENGMEISHUJIAZAISHANGHAIFAQICHENGLIDESHETUAN。ZHUYAOCHENGYUANYOU:WANGJIYUAN、ZHANGXIAN、YANGTAIYANG、YANGQIUREN、QIUDIDENG,JUNWEILIUXUEFAGUO、RIBENGUILAIDEHUAJIA。JUELANZHESHIZHONGGUOZUIZAOZHUZHANGXISHOUXIFANGXIANDAIYISHUCHENGGUODE、YOUXUANYANHEGANGLINGDEXUESHUXINGSHETUAN。BINGZUZHIGUODUOCIZHANLAN,DUIZHONGGUOXIANDAIYISHUDEQIBUJUYOUKAICHUANGYIYI。 DIERJIE:KANGZHANQIANHOUDEZHONGGUOMEISHU YI、XINXINGJINBUDEMEISHU ER、KANGZHANQIJIANDEMEISHU SAN、GEMINGMEISHU YI、XINXINGJINBUDEMEISHU 1、ZUOYIMEISHUJIALIANMENG 2、LUXUNYUMEISHU 3、SUQUMEISHU 1、ZUOYIMEISHUJIALIANMENG: ZUOYIWENYIYECHENGWEIPULUOWENYI,SHIYIZHONGYIWENYIDAZHONGHUAWEIZHUYAOSIXIANGKAIZHANDEGUOJIXINGYISHUSICHAO。ZUOYIWENYIGUANZHUDESHIRENMINDAZHONGDEKUNANSHENGHUO,YISHUJIACONGTONGQINGLAOKUDAZHONGDEZAOYUDAOBAGESONGTAMENDEJUEXINGZUOWEICHUANGZUOZHUTI,DUIMEISHULAISHUOKAIPILEYIGEQUANXINDELINGYU。 “ZUOLIAN”:1930NIAN3YUE2RI,ZAISHANGHAICHENGLILEZHUMINGDE“ZHONGGUOZUOYIZUOJIALIANMENG”,BIAOZHIZHEZHONGGUOZUOYIWENYIYUNDONGDEXINGCHENG。CANJIADEZUOJIAYOU:LUXUN、MAODUN、XIAYAN、QIANXINGCUN、JIANGGUANGCI、TIANHAN、YUDAFU、ROUSHIDENG50YUREN。 1930NIAN8YUE,“ZUOYIMEISHUJIALIANMENG”YEZAISHANGHAICHENGLI,YI“SHIDAIMEISHUSHE”HE“YIBAYISHE”WEIJICHUJIANLI。CANJIADEMEISHUJIAYOU:LIUMENGYING、TAOSIJIN、LIUYIYA、SHICHUNSHOU、QIANWENLAN、CHENYANQIAO、CHENTIEGENG、MADA、LIULU、XUXINGZHI、NIHUANZHI、LIANGBAIBODENG。 2、LUXUNYUMEISHU LUXUNQUANLIZHICHIXINMEISHUYUNDONG,DUIYIMUKEWEIZHUDEMEISHUHUODONGGENGSHIQINGZHULEJIDADEGUANHUAI TAMINGQUETICHU:QINGNIANMEISHUJIAYINGDANGZHUYISANDIAN:1、BUYIGUAIXUANREN;2、ZHUYIJIBENJISHU;3、KUODAYANJIEHESIXIANG ,WEIQINGNIANMEISHUJIAZHICHULEFANGXIANG。 YISHUSHUJIDEFANYI; MEISHUGUAN、JUCHANG、ZOULETANG、WENYIHUIDEZUZHI 3、SUQUMEISHU(ZHONGHUASUWEIAIGONGHEGUOZHENGQUANCHENGLIYIHOUDEDIQU,JIANCHENGSUQU) 1929NIAN12YUE,MAOZEDONGZHUCHIQICAOLE《GUTIANHUIYIJUEYI》,ZHEISHISUQUWENYIHUODONGDEYIGEGANGLINGXINGWENJIAN。HUIYIZHIHOU,HONGJUNZHONGDEMEISHUHUODONGXUNSUKAIZHANQILAI,ZHUYAOGONGZUOSHIHUABIHUA、BIAOYUHUA、BAOKAN、SHUJI、JIAOKESHUCHATUYIJIDALIANGDEYOUYIN、SHIYINHUABAO。ZUOPINDEZHUTIDOUYUXIANSHIDOUZHENGYOUGUAN。 DAIBIAOXINGHUABAOYOU:《HONGSEZHONGHUA》,《QINGNIANSHIHUAHUABAO》,《HONGXINGHUABAO》,《MIAOZHUNHUABAO》,《CHUNHUANGDOUZHENGHUABAO》,《XUANJUYUNDONGHUABAO》,《SHAONIANXIANFENG》DENG。 1933NIAN10YUEWEIQINGZHUSHIYUEGEMINGJIEBIANYINLE《GEMINGHUAJI》,YOUHONGSEZHONGHUASHECHUBAN。ZUOPINXUANZI《HONGSEZHONGHUA》,GONG50FUZUOPIN。DANGSHIBEILIEWEI《HONGSEZHONGHUAWENYICONGSHU》ZHIYI SUQUMEISHUBIAOXIANCHUXIANMINGDEZHENGZHIQINGXIANGXINGHEQIANGLIEDEZHANDOUXING ER、KANGZHANQIJIANDEMEISHU KANGZHANMEISHUSHIZHONGGUOXINMEISHUYUNDONGLISHIGUOCHENGZHONGJIQIZHONGYAODEYIGEHUANJIE。KANGZHANQIJIANDEMEISHUZHUANGKUANGZHUYAOBIAOXIANZAIYIXIALIANGGEFANGMIAN: 1、CONGHUASHIDAOSHIZIJIETOU 2、AIGUOHUAZHAN: 1938NIAN,XUBEIHONGZAIXINJIAPO 1941NIAN,LIUHAISUZAIYINNI、XINJIAPO 1939—1940NIAN,ZHANGSHANZIFAGUO、MEIGUO KANGZHANQIJIAN,ZHONGQING、CHENGDOUHUAJIAYUNJI,XUBEIHONG、ZHANGDAQIAN、FENGZIKAI、LINFENGMIAN、WUZUOREN、GUANSHANYUE、PANTIANSHOUDENGHUAJIADOUZAIZHONGQINGJUBANGEZHAN。1942NIAN,JINZAIZHONGQINGJUBANDEHUAJIAGEZHANJIUDA130DUOCI。 CHUCIERWAI,ZAIZHONGQINGHAIYOUGUOMORUORENTINGZHANGDEGUOMINDANGJUNSHIWEIYUANHUIZHENGZHIBUXIADEDISANTING,TEBIESHIDISANTINGDEMEISHUKE,YESHIKANGZHANWENYIXUANCHUANZHONGDEYIZHIQIANGDADUIWU。LINGWAIHAIYOUYOUZHONGYANGDAXUEYISHUXIBUFENSHISHENGZUCHENGDE、WUZUORENRENTUANZHANGDE“ZHANDIXIESHENGTUAN”YINGXIANGYEHENDA。 KANGZHANBAOFAHOU,BIAOXIANZUIHUOYUEDESHIMUKEJIAHEMANHUAJIA。SANTINGMEISHUKECHUBANGUO《KANGZHANMUKEXUANJI》。1938NIAN6YUEZAIWUHANCHENGLILE“ZHONGHUAQUANGUOMUKEJIEKANGZHANXIEHUI”;1936NIAN11YUEZAISHANGHAIJUBANLE“DIYIJIEQUANGUOMANHUAHUI”,ZHANCHULE600YUFUZUOPIN,1937NIANCHUNJIEZHEJIUCHENGLILE“ZHONGHUAQUANGUOMANHUAZUOJIAXIEHUI”。 (CANKAOZILIAO:HUANGZONGXIANJIAOSHOU《DAYOUHUANSHIDAIDEJUEZE--ZHONGGUOKANGZHANSHIQIDAHOUFANGMEISHU》,ZHONGQINGCHUBANSHE,2000BAN) TANGYIHE NVYOUJIDUIYUAN 1940NIANSITUQIAOZAIMALAIXIYAQIJIAN,ZHUMINGDAOYANJINSHANDENGWEICHOUJIKANGRIJINGFEILAIDAOCIDI,WEIQIAOBAOYANCHUJIETOUJU《FANGXIANIDEBIANZI》,HUAJIASHENSHOUGANDONG,BAOBINGJINXINGCHUANGZUO。 CAIRUOHONG QUANMINKANGZHANDEJULANG(1937) SAN、GEMINGMEISHU 1、YANANLUYI 2、《JIANGHUA》DEFABIAO 3、GEMINGMEISHUDEKAIZHAN 1、YANANLUYI 1938NIAN4YUE10RI,YOUMAOZEDONG、ZHOUENLAI、CHENGFANGWU、AISIQI、ZHOUYANGDENGFAQI,ZAIYANANCHUANGLILE“LUXUNYISHUWENXUEYUAN”。JIANCHENG“LUYI”。 “LUYI”SHELILESIGEXI:WENXUE,YINLE、MEISHU、XIJU。 WUYUZHANGDANRENYUANZHANG,SHAKEFU、ZHAOYIMIN、ZHOUYANGRENFUYUANZHANG,WOZHA、CAIRUOHONG、WANGMANSHUOXIANHOUDANRENGUOMEISHUXIXIZHUREN。1940NIANGAIWEIMEISHUBUHOU,JIANGFENGDANRENZHUREN,JIAOYUANYOUHUYICHUAN、MADA、HUMAN、WANGCHAOWEN、WANGSHIKUODENG。 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《JIANGHUA》FABIAOYIHOU,ZHONGGUOXIANSHIZHUYIMEISHUJINRULEYIGEXINDELISHISHIQI,JILAODONGRENMINCHENGWEILEHUAMIANDEZHURENGONG,ZHANJULEZHONGXINDIWEI。 ZHEIZAIYANANDEMUKE、MANHUA、XUANCHUANHUAYIJIDIAOSUHESHEYINGDENGGEMINGMEISHUZHONG,BIAOXIANDEJIQIMINGXIAN。YOUQISHIYANANMUKEHUODELEHENGAODECHENGJIU。RUGUYUANCENGBEIXUBEIHONGYUWEI“NAIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGZHIDAYISHUJIA”,“QIZUOPINWEISHIJIEYISHUJINGZHENGZHIDUISHOU”。 DISANJIE:ERSHISHIJISHANGBANYEZHONGGUOHUAJIQIDAIBIAOHUAJIA YI、HONGYANGGUOCUIDEBEIJINGHUATAN ER、“ZHEZHONGZHONGWAI、RONGHEGUJIN”DELINGNANHUAPAI SAN、“SHILIYANGCHANG”DEHAISHANGHUAPAI SI、QITAZHONGYAOGUOHUAJIA WEISHENMEHUIYOU“ZHONGGUOHUA”ZHICHENG? GUANYUZHONGGUOHUADELUNZHENG: 1、MEISHUGEMINGJIZHONGGUOHUAGAILIANGLUN: KANGYOUWEI《WANMUCAOTANGLUNHUA》,MINGQUETICHUZHONGGUOHUAYISHUAIBAI,“CISHIYIDANGBIANFA”。 LVZHIYUCHENDUXIULVXIANJUQIMEISHUGEMINGDEQIZHI,JIUMEISHUGEMINGZHONGRUHEGAIGEZHONGGUOHUADEWENTITICHULEMINGQUEDEZHUZHANG,YINQIZHONGGUOJINXIANDAIMEISHUSHISHANGKONGQIANJILIEDEDAZHENGMING,XINGCHENGLEGEXINPAIYUGUOCUIPAIDELIANGDAMEISHUZHENYING。ZHENGLUNDEJIAODIANZHUYAOJIZHONGZAISHIFOUYAOJIQUXIYANGHUADEFANGFAYIJIRUHEJIQUDEWENTISHANG。 2、GUOCUIPAIXINLUN: JINCHENG、CHENSHICENGWEIDAIBIAODECHUANTONGPAIYIHANWEIGUOCUI、FUXINGGUOHUAWEIJIREN,TAMENRENWEIGEXINPAIDEZUOPINFEILVFEIMA,SHIMEISHUSHISHANGDEYICHANGZAINANHEHEIANSHIDAI JINCHENGZHUCHI“ZHONGGUOHUAXUEYANJIUHUI”,ZHUZHANGYANXIGUFA,CHUANGLIXINDEZHONGGUOHUAFENG;CHENSHICENG《WENRENHUAZHIJIAZHI》SHIDUIWENRENHUADEZONGJIE,YESHIDUIZHONGGUOCHUANTONGHUIHUADEJINGPICHANSHU MINGUOCHUQIHUATANCHUXIANDEKONGQIANLUNZHENG,JISHIZHONGXIWENHUACHONGTUDEBIRANFANYING,YESHIXINMEISHUYUNDONGZAIMEISHUSICHAOSHANGDELILUNTIXIAN YI、HONGYANGGUOCUIDEBEIJINGHUATAN BEIJINGYIWENHUAYOUJIUHERENCAIHUIJIYIZHISHIZHONGGUOBEIFANGWENHUADEZHONGZHEN。 ZHONGGUOJINXIANDAIHUATANDEGUOCUIJINGYINGDADOUJUJIZAIZHEILI,XINGCHENGMINCHUHUATANGUOCUILILIANGZUIQIANGDEYIDI。 CHENSHICENG,JINCHENG,YAOHUA,CHENBANDING,QIBAISHI,WANGMENGBAIDENG DAIBIAOHUAJIA JINCHENG CHENSHICENG QIBAISHI 1、JINCHENG(1878——1926) MINGSHAOCHENG,ZIGONGBEI,HAOBEILOU,ZHEJIANGHUZHOUREN。CENGLIUXUEYINGGUO。 SHI“ZHONGGUOHUAXUEYANJIUHUI”DECHUANGSHIREN。ZAIYISHUWENWUDEBAOHUSHANG,GONGXIANHENDA,SHIZHONGGUOBOWUGUANSHIYEDIANJIREN。 2、CHENSHICENG(1876——1923) ZIHENGKE,HAOHUAITANG,JIANGXIREN。1903NIAN,QURIBENLIUXUE,SHIWOGUOJINDAIMEISHUSHISHANG,ZUIZAOQURIBENDEHUAJIAZHIYI。 WENZHANG:《WENRENHUAZHIJIAZHI》,YANJIUCHUANTONGWENRENHUADEJINGDIANLUNZHU;ZHUZUO:《ZHONGGUOHUAXIAOSHI》,《ZHONGGUOHUIHUASHI》,《QINGDAISHANSHUIHUAZHIPAIBIE》,《QINGDAIHUAHUIHUAZHIPAIBIE》DENG。 GONGXIAN:DUIWENRENHUADEYANJIU,TICHUWENRENHUADEQIANGLIEDEQINGGANXING、ZHUGUANXING、JINGSHENXING,DUIWENRENHUADEYOUXIUCHUANTONGYUYILERENZHENDEZONGJIE;DUIQIBAISHIDEFAXIANHETUIJIAN,SHIQI“SHUAINIANBIANFA”,WEI20SHIJIZHONGGUOHUATANZENGJIALEYIWEIDASHI。 3、QIBAISHI(1863——1957) YUANMINGQICHUNZHI,HAOBAISHI。HUNANXIANGTANREN “ZHIMUJIANG”ZHIDAOSISHISUICAIDIYICICHUYUANMEN,KAISHIMANYOUNANBEIDE“WUCHUWUGUI” “JIPINGTANG” “SHUAINIANBIANFA”,“SAOCHUFENGGEZONGNANNENG,SHIZAIGUANMENSHIBIANGENG” SHISHUHUAYIN,QIDUIZIJIDEPINGJIA:SHIYI,YINER,HUASAN,SHUSI ZHONGGUOCHUANTONGHUIHUACHUANGZUOSHANGXIANGLAIDE“XINGJIA”YU“LIJIA”ZHIFEN。 “XINGJIA”ZHIZHIYEHUAGONG,BAOKUOGONGTINGHUAGONGHEMINJIANHUAGONG;“LIJIA”ZHIYEYUHUAJIA,ZHUYAOSHIWENRENHUAJIA。“SU”YU“YA”ZHIFEN,CONGTANGDAIKAISHI,JIUYOUZHONGWENREN,QINGHUAGONGDEPIPINGQINGXIANG。 QIBAISHIYISHUCHUANGZUOZHONGDEMINJIANQUWEI:XIAOSHUOXIUXIANG,HUAGUXI,PIYINGXI, CONGGAODUXIESHIDAODUIBIMODEDULIBIAOXIAN,ZHUBUWANSHAN,CHENGXIANCHUHUOPOZIYOUDEXINJINGJIE QIBAISHI(1863~1957) QIBAISHIDEYISHUKEFENWEI 5GEJIEDUAN: ①27SUIQIAN,WEIMINJIANDIAOHUAYIJIANG,JIESHOUMINJIANMEISHUHEMINJIANSHENMEIGUANNIANXUNTAOJIEDUAN; ②27~40SUI,ZAICONGSHIMINJIANHUAXIANG、MINJIANGONGYIDETONGSHI,QUANMIANXUEXIWENRENHUIHUA,TIGAOSHI、SHU、HUA、YINZHUFANGMIANXIUYANGJIEDUAN; ③40~50SUIZUOYOU,YIWENRENYISHUJIASHENFENCHUYOUGEDI、GUANGFANGUANCHA、GUANMOYUJIEJIAOGEJIERENSHIJIEDUAN,HUAFENGYOUGONGBIZHUJIANZHUANXIANGDAXIEYI;CHENGGONGDECHUANGZUOLE《JIESHANTU》JUAN52FUHE《SHIMENERSHISIJING》。 ④55~65SUI,DINGJUBEIJING,JIESHOUCHENSHICENGZHIQUAN,KUXIN“SHUAINIANBIANFA”JIEDUAN;YIZHENQINGSHIGANWEIYISHUCHUANGZAODEYIJU,MOSUOCHUYITAO“WANCHONGXIEZHAO,BAISHOUCHUANSHEN”DEBIMOJIQIAO,JIANCHI“MIAOZAISIYUBUSIZHIJIAN”。 ⑤65~94SUI,SHIHUIHUACHUANGZUODEGAOFENGQI,YISHUZHENYUHUAJING。 。   KEDOU QIBAISHIDEYISHUNENGHUODERUCIDECHENGJIUHERENMINQUNZHONGDEGUANGFANXIAI,YUTAZAIZUOPINZHONGSUOBIAODAHELIULUDESHENHOUDEMINZUQINGGAN、ZHIPODENONGMINQIZHI、HAIZIBANDELVZHITIANZHENFENBUKAI。 WASHENGSHILICHUSHANQUAN 1953NIAN1YUE7RIQIBAISHI90DANCHEN,WENHUABUSHOUYUTA“RENMINYISHUJIA”RONGYUJIANGZHUANG JI QIBAISHIYISHUDEYUANYUAN: YISHIMINGQINGYILAIFUYUGEXINJINGSHENDEHUAJIAXUWEI、ZHUDA、SHITAO、JINNONG、HUANGSHEN、WUCHANGSHUODECHUANTONG,TABOCAIZHONGJIAERRONGWEIYITI。 ERSHICONGZHEPAIDAOZHAOZHIQIANZAISHANGZHUIQINHANBEIBANDEKEYINCHUANTONG,RONGHUIZHUAN、LI、BAFENHEWEIBEI,ERZICHENGXILIANQIJUEDEZUOFENG。 SANSHIMINJIANGONGYIHEMINJIANHUIHUAGANGJIANQINGXINFENGGEDEZIYU。TAJIANGWENRENCHUANTONGYUMINJIANCHUANTONG、WENRENXIUYANGYUNONGMINQIZHIZIRANERRANDIJIEHEQILAI,YASUJIANDE,CONGERCHENGWEIXIANDAIYISHUSHISHANGDEQIJI。 XIE YU QUNXIATU QIBAISHIDEHUIHUA,YIHUANIAOCAOCHONGWEIDAZONG,QIEJIANGONG、XIELIANGZHONGZUOFENG,JUDOUZAOYIGAOSHEN。 TADEXIEYIRENWUHUAYUSHANSHUIHUASUIBUJIHUANIAOCAOCHONGDUO,DANZAIYISHUSHANGDECHENGJIUQUEHAOBUXUNSESHENZHIGENGWEITUCHU。 KUNCHONG PENCAOLIZHI XIANREN RENWUHUAJIANLIANCUGUANG,NEIRONGHUIXIESHENSUI,FARENSHENSI。 QUNHE YU QUN GUSHUGUIYA WA RENWUHUA ER、“ZHEZHONGZHONGWAI、RONGHEGUJIN”DELINGNANHUAPAI 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ZHANGDAQIANDEHUIHUAYISHUKEFENWEI3GESHIQI:GUDIANZUOFENGQI、ZHUANBIANQIHEGAOFENGQI。 60SUIQIAN,ZHANGDAQIANJIZHONGJINGLILINMO,YOUSHITAO、ZHUDAZHUIXUWEI、CHENCHUNJISONGYUANZHUJIA,ZHIZHIDUNHUANGBIHUA。QIHUAFENGYIYOUJINSISHITAO、ZHUDAERBIANWEIJINTANGSONGYUANFENGFAN。 60~70SUI,ZHANGDAQIANLIJING10NIANTANSUO,RONGPOCAIYUPOMO、GOUCUNFA,ZHONGYUCHUANGZAOLEXIONGQIZHUANGLIDEXINFENGMAO。 YI70SUISUOZUO《ZHANGJIANGWANLITU》WEIBIAOZHI,TAMAIRULECHUANGZAOXINGDEGAOFENGQI,POCAICHENGWEIZUIFUGEXINGDEHUAFA。XIANYIMOBILVEGOUDAXING,RANHOUTUOBIAOYICENGZHI(HUOJIANGHUABIAOZAIBANSHANG),ZAIPOMOPOCAI。 JINGTINGQUANSHENGTU LINYINDUHUASHINV 1940NIAN,FUDUNHUANGLINMOLIDAIBIHUA,QIANHOU2NIANLING 7GEYUE RUISHIXUESHAN SHUIYUEGUANYIN XIAOXIANGSHUIYUN POCAIHEHUA 1957NIANYIXIEYIHUA《QIUHAITANG》BEINIUYUEGUOJIYISHUXUEHUIXUANWEISHIJIEDAHUAJIA,BINGRONGHUOJINJIANG。CIHOU,YOUXIANGJIZAIFAGUO、BILISHI、XILA、XIBANYA、RUISHI、XINJIAPO、TAIGUO、DEGUO、YINGGUO、BAXI、MEIGUOJIXIANGGANGDENGBANHUAZHAN。 1978NIANDINGJUTAIBEIZHIZHIQUSHI。 SHANYUYULAI YESHANTU WUXIAQINGQIU POCAIZHUHEJINPING DAWEIDEFO PANTIANSHOU(1897~1971) ZHEJIANGNINGHAIREN,ZHONGGUOXIANDAIMEISHUJIA、MEISHUJIAOYUJIA。SHANZHANGZHONGGUOHUA、SHUFA、ZHUANKE、SHIWEN、MEISHUSHILUN。 CHUANGZUOPANTIANSHOUDEYISHU,HUA、SHU、YIN、SHIJUJIA,YOUYIHUIHUASHENGMINGYUSHI。SHANGCHENGNANSONGMAYUAN、XIAGUIDEXIONGJIAN JUNBA、MINGDAIDAIJINDEHAOJINGBENFANG、SHENZHOUDECHENZHELAOLIAN,YIJISHITAODECANGHUN、ZHUDADEQIJUELENGYI。YOUQISHIZHUDADECHAOSUFENGMAO, GENGYUPANTIANSHOUDEQIZHIXIANGYI,YINERDUITAYOUSHENKEDEYINGXIANG 。 ZHIMOZUOJUFUDAZHANG,GUZHUOCHENYU,SHENGSENINGLIAN,ZHIPOWUHUA,YUQIBIHUADEBUZHENZAOJING、CANDANJINGYINGXIANGHUBUCHONG。ZAIXIONGQIZHUANGWEIDEZONGTIFENGGESHANG,TADEZHIHUAYUBIHUAXIANGYIZHI,DANYOUYUZHIZHANGYUNMODESIZHUOFEIZHUODEXIAOGUO,BIZHIQIAOBADEBIHUAGENGQUYUZIRANZHIPO。ZHIHUABENSHIWENRENHUAJIADE“PIANCEXIAOJING”,PANTIANSHOUQUEJIANGTAZUOWEIDADAOXINGZOU,HUACHULECANGHUNBOAODEFENGMAO,ZHEIZAIZHONGGUOHUIHUASHISHANGSHIDUSHUYIZHIDE。 JIANGZHOUYEBOTUZHOU TADEZUOPINJIRENGANSHOUGENGDUODESHIXIONGGUAI、SHIZHUANGLIQIANG,BODAERJINGMU,GAIYANZHI,JINYUZHUANGMEINAIZHICHONGGAO。 SHUIMOSHANSHUITUZHOU YULETUZHOU TUTOUSENGTUZHOU XIAOLONGQIU LINGJIUTUZHOU PANTIANSHOUDUIYUYISHUDEJIANJIE,JIANYUTADEZHUZUO、WENZHANGHEJIANGHUAZHONG。ZONGDEKAN,TACHENGJILECHUANTONGHUALUNZHONGFUYUGEXINJINGSHENDESI XIANG,YOUCHONGSHILEZIJIZAIZHANGQIYISHUSHIJIANZHONGDETIHUI。DUIZHONGGUOHUADEFAZHAN,TAZHUZHANGXIANCHENGERHOUGE,XIANZUANJINQU,ZAITIAOCHULAI。 YINGYINGSHANSHUITU WUHUFAN(1894—1968) JIANGSUSUZHOUREN ,ZIYOUSHOUJIATINGXUNTAO,HOUYULULIANFUMENXIAXUEHUA ,ZAONIANYUPUXINYUTONGBEICHENGWEI“NANWUBEIPU” 。 YUWUDAIQIU、WUZISHEN、FENGCHAORANBINGCHENG“SANWUYIFENG” SHANZHANGZHONGGUOHUA、SHUFAJISHUHUAJIANDING、SHICIDENG 。 SHANSHUIYOU“SIWANG”RUSHOU,YOURONGHENAN、BEIZONGFA 。 HOUQIDUOYOUXIESHENGZHIZUO 。 ZUOPINYOU《QIULINGHENGYUN》DENG 。 《XINJIAXUANCIYI》、《YUHOUCHUNSUN》FENBIERUXUANDIER、SANJIEQUANGUOMEIZHAN;《LUSHANDONGNANWULAOFENG》WEIZHONGGUOMEISHUGUANSHOUZANG 。ZHUYOU《WANGSONGCIHEN》,CHUBANYOU《WUHUFANHUAJI》DENG 。 CUIXIUQIONGLIN XIANJIYONGXINZHUANG HUANIAOYIZHU、HEWEIZHANG XIAOXIANGYUGUO HAIYEYUNGANG LIKUSHAN(1899~1983) LIKUSHAN (1899~1983),SHANDONGSHENGGAOTANGXIANREN,TAZIYOUSHOUMINJIANYISHUXUNTAO,CHIAIHUIHUA ,1925NIANCONGBEIPINGYISHUZHUANKEXUEXIAOBIYE ,1930NIANBEIPINWEIHANGZHOUYISHUZHUANKEXUEXIAOJIAOSHOU ,1946NIANQI,RENBEIPINGYISHUZHUANKEXUEXIAOJIAOSHOU。ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOJIANLIHOU,RENZHONGYANGMEISHUXUEYUANJIAOSHOU,。 LIKUSHANSHANZHANGDAXIEYIHUANIAOHUA。ZAOQIZUOPINSATUOFANGYI,FEISHENGHUATAN,SHENDEQIBAISHIJIAXU。ZHI60NIANDAICHUQI,QIHUIHUAYIBURUCHENGSHU,XINGCHENGLECHUNHOUNINGLIANDEGERENFENGGE。《QIUAZHISHENG》、《BAJIAOQINXI》、《SONGFENGLANQI》DENG,WEICISHIQIDAIBIAOZUO。   YINGSHIDANDAN LIKUSHANYOUSHENHOUDECHUANTONGGONGLI,YOUZHUZHANGGERENDECHUANGZAO。 QIHUAZAIZONGTISHANGYIXIONGHUN、POHOU、HAOFANGWEITESE,SUOHUAQINNIAO,YIDUOWEIYING、JIU、LUSIDENGDANIAO SONGYINGTU ZAIBIMOJIQIAOSHANG,ZHONGYONGBI,YIBIZHUJINGU;YISHUIMOWEIZHU,JIANZUOZHONGCAIXIEYI,NINGHOUDEBIMOYUJINBIDESECAIXIANGYINGCHENERBIEJUYIGE。ZHANGFASHANGSHANYUZAOSHIHECHULIJIEGOUXIANDEMAODUN,YIZENGJIAHUAMIANDEZHANGLI。SHIYIWEIJICHENGLEWENRENHUACHUANTONG,YOUWEIZHIZHURULEXINDESHIDAIQIXIDEGEXINGXIANMINGDEDAXIEYIHUANIAOHUAJIA。 SHUANGNIAOTU ZAIYISHUZAOXINGSHANG,ZUNZHONGSHIFAZAOHUADEYUANZE,BINGZHUZHONGYIXIANGDECHUANGZAO,RUHUAYING,ZONGHEJIU、DIAOZHIXINGXIANGTEZHENG,YIZAISUZAOYIZHONGYONGMENGJIAOJIANDEXIANGZHENGXINGXINGXIANG。 JIANGZHAOHE(1904~1986) SICHUANLUZHOUREN。 1936~1948NIANWEIQIYISHUCHUANGZUODINGSHENGQI 。TAYICONGBUYANSHIDEHUABIHEZHENSHIDEGANQING,BIAOXIANLENEIXIEBINYUSIWANGBIANYUANDEBEIJURENWUDEMINGYUN,BIAODALETAMENDUISHENGDEKEQIUJIDUIGUANGMINGDEXIANGWANG,CHONGYIZHEZUOZHEDUIZHEN、SHAN、MEIDEZHUIQIUJINGSHEN。 QIZHONG《LIUMINTU》(1943)GAO2MI,ZHANGJIN20MI,YI100DUOGERENWUXINGXIANG,XIANSHILEZUOZHEHONGGUANSHANGBAWOMAODUNCHONGTU、BAWOSHEHUIXIANXIANGDEGOUSICAINENGHESHUIMORENWUHUAFANGMIANDECHUANGZAOJINGSHEN。BEICHENGWEIZHONGGUOXIANDAIHUASHISHANGXIANSHIZHUYIDELISHIHUAJUAN。 LIUMINTU(JUBU) DUFUSHIYITU 50NIANDAIMOQI,TAGENGZHONGYULISHIRENWUXIAOXIANGHUADECHUANGZUO ,DUOWEISHUHUAIXIEYIZHIZUO,ERQIEXIANTIAOGENGJIAJIANLIAN,BISHIYIQUBENFANG。 AQXIANG NONGMIN LAOREN MUZI XIAOXIANG LIKERAN(1907~1989) JIANGSUXUZHOUREN。LIKERANDESHANSHUIHUAZHONGSHIYIXIANGDENINGJU。TAQIANGDIAOZUOSHANSHUIHUAYAOCONGWUDAOYOU,CONGYOUDAOWU,JICONGDANCHUNDAOFENGFU,ZAIYOUFENGFUGUIZHIYUDANCHUN 。 40NIANDAIDESHANSHUIZUOPINHAILIUYOUZHUDA、DONGQICHANGDEYINGZI,QINGSHUJIANDAN,SHIYIZHONGXIANXINGBIMOJIEGOU 。 50NIANDAIYIHOUDEZUOPIN,JIEZHUYUXIESHENGSUZAOXINDESHANSHUIYIXIANG,YOUXIANXINGBIMOJIEGOUBIANWEITUANKUAIXINGBIMOJIEGOU,YIMOWEIZHU,ZHENGTIDANCHUNERNEIZHONGFENGFU,NONGZHONGHUNHOU,SHENSUIMAOMI。 LIKERANDESHANSHUIHUABIMINGQINGSHANSHUIHUAGENGKAOJINLEDUIXIANGDEGANXINGZHENSHI,CONGMOUZHONGYIYISHANGKANJIANRUOLEYIYUXINGSHIQUWEIDEDULIXING。ZHEISHIDUIYUMINGQINGYILAISHANSHUIHUAYUYIXINGSHIHUA、CHENGSHIHUAQINGXIANGDEYIZHONGBUZHENGHETUPO,QIEYUWU·SIYUNDONGYILAIZHUZHONGXIESHIDEWENYISICHAOXIANGYIZHI。   GUIMUTU NIUBEIFANGFENGZHENG HUARENWUHUA,XIABIJISU,DONGTAIWEIMIAO,XINGXIANGKUAZHANGDANBUCHOUHUA,POZHIQUEBUGUZHUO,FUYUHUIXIE、JIZHITESEHESHENGHUOQINGQU 。 ZHONGQINGNONGCUN(SHUINIUTONGZI) LIJIANGSHANSHUITIANXIASHU CENGLINJINRAN CONGFANKUAN、LITANG、GONGXIAN、HUANGBINHONGDENGGUJINDASHINEILIJIQULECHUANGZAOPOMAOSHENXIONGFENGGEDEYINGYANG,YOUJIONGRANBUTONGYUTAMEN 。 DUOQUCAIYUJIANGNANYUBASHUMINGSHANDACHUAN,YINERRONGZHULETAFENGGEZHONGDEYOUYUXIU GUILINYANGJIANG YUCUNCHUNXIAOTU SHANDINGTITIAN JINGGANGSHAN XIAOHESHANGTU ZHAOWANGYUN(1906~1977) HEBEISHULUREN ,ZAIWUSIXINWENHUAYINGXIANGXIA,TICHUYISHU“ZOUCHUXIANGYAZHITA,LAIDAOSHIZIJIETOU”DEZHUZHANG。1930NIANBEIPINWEI《DAGONGBAO》TEYAOLVXINGXIESHENGJIZHE,ZOUSHANG“WEIRENSHENGERYISHU”DEZHENGTU,YIGUOHUAXINGSHIFANYINGLAODONGRENMINKUNANSHENGHUO。 HOUSHENRUXINAN、XIBEIGEDILVXINGXIESHENG,ZAIDUNHUANGYISHUHEXIBEIFENGTURENQINGYINGXIANGXIA,XINGCHENGJIANKUODANYUAN、POSHIHANXUDEDUTEYISHUFENGGE。 WULIUSHINIANDAIYUSHILUDENGDUOCISHENRUXIBEIGEDIJISHANNANQINLINGLINQU、SANMENXIASHUIKUGONGDI,CHUANGZUOLEJUYOUSHENGHUOQIXIHESHIDAIGANDEZUOPIN。CENGCHUFANGAIJIXIESHENG。TICHU“YISHOUSHENXIANGCHUANTONG,YISHOUSHENXIANGSHENGHUO”,KAICHUANG“ZHANGANHUAPAI” SHANNANGESHENG NANMATUZHOU RENWU SONGLINXINGLIE HETIANJIAN(1890~1977) 9SUIXUEHUASHANSHUI ,SHIFAQINGCHUWULI ,BINGSHOUSHITAO YIJI“YUANSIJIA”YINGXIANG。ZHONGNIANSHIQIAOYOUTAIYUEJIMINZHEMINGSHAN,FANYOUTAIHU、SHANGFUHUDENGDI,JIANGCHUANTONGBIMOYUSHENGHUOGANSHOURONGHUIYUYI 。 ZHONGSHISHIFAZIRAN ,GONGLISHENHOU,FADUJINYAN,CHURUCHUANTONGZHUFA,ERZICHUANGXINJING XINSONGHENBUGAOQIANCHI 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DAOLEQINGDAI,XIFANGYOUHUABEISHOUQINGLAI,BEIGUANGFANDIZUOWEIGONGTINGZHUANGSHIYISHU。LANGSHINING、WANGZHICHENGDENGCHENGWEIZHONGGUOGONGTINGDEYUYONGHUAJIA,ZAIXIFANGCHUANJIAOSHIHUAJIADEYINGXIANGHEPEIXUNXIA,YICHUXIANLECHENGPIDEZHONGGUOYOUHUAXUEZI 3、GUANGZHOUMINJIANYOUHUADEXINGQI SUIZHEZHONGXIJINGJIWENHUAKAISHIJIAOLIU,XIFANGYOUHUAZAIQINGDAINANFANGTONGSHANGKOUANKAISHICHUANBO,ZAIGUANGZHOUCHANSHENGLEBIAOXIANZHONGGUOFENGMAODEXIHUA。ZUOPINDADUOQUCAIYUZHONGGUODESHANCHUANFENGWU,YANHAIFENGJING,BIAOXIANSHOUFASHANGYOUZHONGXIJIANRONGDEQINGXIANG。SHENSHOUWAISHANGXIAI。 DANGSHICHUXIANLEDALIANGZHIZUOYOUHUADEHUAFANG,TONGSHIYECUISHENGLEYIPIMINJIANYOUHUAJIA。QIZHONGZUIZHUMINGDESHILINGUA(GUANQIAOCHANG),TAZHANGWOLECHUNSHUDEYOUHUAJISHU,QIYOUHUAXIAOXIANGZUYUXIFANGYOUHUAJIAPIMEI。 4、TUSHANWANHUAGUAN 1854NIANSHEYUSHANGHAIXUJIAHUITIANZHUTANGNEI,SHIJIAOHUIDEYIZHONGCISHANJIGOU,YESHIZHONGGUOZUICHUDEMEISHUXUETANG GAIGUAN1907NIANZIBIANJIAOCAI《HUISHIQIANSHUO》、《QIANBILIANXIHUA》DENG,DADUOYIXILASHIGAOXIANGDESUMIAOWEIFANHUAHUOSHIYITU,ZHEISHIQIJINJIANDAODEZUIZAODEXIHUAJIAOCAI KECHENGANPAIYOUSHUICAIHUA、CABIHUA、MUTANHUA、QIANBIHUA、GANGBIHUAHEYOUHUA。 ZHEIGEGUANPEIYANGCHUYIXIEHUAJIA,RUXUYONGQING、ZHOUXIANG、ZHANGZHAOGUANG、DINGSONGDENG 5、XIYANGMEISHUDEKAITUO SUIZHEQINGMOMINCHUXIYANGHUADEGUANGFANCHUANBOHEXINHAIGEMING、XINWENHUAYUNDONGDEYINGXIANG,ZHONGGUOHUIHUAMIANLINYICHANGKONGQIANDEBIANGE。WEILEBAITUOCHUANTONGDEYAYIHESHUFU,XUNZHAOCHUYITIAOZHENGJIUMINZUHUIHUARIQUWEIWANGDETUJING,DAPIAIGUOQINGNIANHUAJIAKAISHIDONGDURIBENHEYUANSHEOUMEI,JIESHOUXIFANGMEISHUSICHAODEXUNTAO,TONGSHIXIANGGUONEIBOSAXIYANGHUADEZHONGZI BENZHANGCANKAOSHUMU 《ZHONGGUOHUAWUSHINIAN》ZHUBOXIONG CHENRUILIN RENMINMEISHUCHUBANSHE 1989 《YANGHUAYUNDONGGUOCHENGLVEJI》《SHANGHAIYISHUYUEKAN》1942NIAN 5-12QI 《YOUHUACHUANRUZHONGGUOJIQIZAOQIDEFAZHAN》SHUITIANZHONG 《MEISHUYANJIU》1987NIAN1QI ER、DAIBIAOHUAJIA 1、LINFENGMIAN、LIUHAISU、XUBEIHONG SANRENZAIMINGUOHUATANDEYINGXIANGJIDIWEI,SHITONGSHIDAIQITARENNANYIPANBIDE。 TAMENTONGSHIHUAJIAYUJIAOYUJIA,QICHENGJIUGEYOUCEZHONG LINFENGMIAN(1900-1991) GUANGDONGMEIXIANREN。ZAONIANLIUXUEFAGUO,ZAIKELUOMENGJIAOSHOUGONGZUOSHIXUEXISUMIAOYUYOUHUARENTI。 GUIGUOHOULIRENGUOLIBEIPINGYIZHUANXIAOZHANG、HANGZHOUGUOLIYISHUYUANYUANZHANGDENGZHI。CENGSANGUMAOLUQINGQIBAISHIDAOHANGZHOUGUOLIYISHUYUANRENJIAO。SHIZHUZHANGZHONGXIHUIHUAJIEHEDEGEXINPAI 1927NIANFABIAO《ZHIQUANGUOYISHUJIESHU》、《YISHUDESHEHUIYUSHEHUIDEYISHU》,YI“WORUDIYUDEJINGSHEN”,“WEIYISHUERZHAN” 1928NIAN、29NIANFABIAO《WOMENYAOZHUYI》、《ZHONGXINGUDINGZHONGGUODEJIAZHI》 ZAOQIDAIBIAOZUOPINYOU《MOSUO》、《RENDAO》、《TONGKU》、《BEIAI》DENG,KANGYIHEIANDEXIANSHI,ZHIMIANRENSHENG ZAIZHONGQINGQIJIAN,QIYISHUFENGMAOKAISHIZHUANZHE,FANGFUDEZHIBENCAIMO、HUANIAO、SHANSHUI,SHINVHUAZUODOUSHIYUZHEIGESHIQI CONG“SHIZIJIETOU”DAO“XIANGYAZHITA” 80NIANDAIHOUYUJUHAIWAI,YIJIDUJIAOWEIZHUTIDECHUANGZUO,BIAOZHIZHEQIWANQIDESIXIANGJINRULEYOUYIGEXINJINGJIE NIAOQITU QUNNIAOTU CHUNYI HEHUASHINV PIPANV YANGMENNVJIANG BO LIUHAISU(1896-1994) JIANGSUWUJINREN “HAISUZHIKUANG”;WEIDADE“POHUAIZHE”HE“CHUANGZAOZHE”;QIANGDIAOQINGGAN,SHIGANJUEXINGHUAJIA,DUI“YINROUYOUYU”DEZHONGGUOHUACHONGJISHENDA。BEICHENGWEI“YISHUPANTU”。 ZAIRIBENHUO“DONGFANGSHIZI”ZHICHENG 1932NIANYICONGSHUXINGSHICHUBAN《XIHUAYUAN》,XITONGJIESHAOXIFANGYISHUSICHAO 1923NIANQIANSHOUYESHOUPAIYINGXIANGJIAODA,ZHIHOUKAISHIZHONGSHIZHONGGUOHUA,CIHOUYISHENGJIANCHIGUOHUAYUYOUHUABINGJU LIANGZHONGTAIDU,LIANGZHONGBIAOZHUN,LIANGZHONGHUIHUAFENGMAO BEIJINGTIANTAN TICHANGZHEN、SHAN、MEI HAOZHAOGEXINGJIEFANG,FANDUISHOUJIU,ZHUZHANGXIESHI,SHIFAZIRAN,ZHUZHONGCHUANGZAO。 BALISHENGMUYUANXIZHAO BEIJINGQIANMEN JIEJIANZAOQIYINXIANGPAIZHUJIAZHIZHANG YONGBISATUO,SECAIQIANGLIE,HUAMIANSHANGCHENGXIANCHUYIZHONGPENGPENGBOBODEQISHIHELILIANG。 ZONGYITUMO,BUJUXIAOJIE,JINSIGUOHUADEDAXIEYI XUBEIHONG(1895-1953) JIANGSUYIXINGREN YISHENGYIXIESHIZHUCHENG,DUIZHONGGUOHUATANDEYINGXIANGYESHIQIXIESHIJINGSHEN。ZAIQIYISHUSHENGYADEZAONIAN,SHOUDAOFUQINDEYINGXIANG,KANGYOUWEIDEYINDAOHECAIYUANPEIDEJILIZHICHI。XINGGESHANG“DUZHIPIANJIAN,YIYIGUXING”。 YIZHICHUYUZHONGGUOHUATANDELINGXIUDIWEI,ZAIMEISHUJIEYONGYOUQIANGDADESHILI,QIYINGXIANGWURENKEBI。MEISHUJIEDUITAJIYULEJUDADEXUANCHUANSHENGSHI,GEZHONGGESONGZHUSHUHEWENZHANGSHULIANGJINGREN YUANYIN:1、SHIDAIDEXUANZE。XIESHIHUAFENGZAIDANGSHISHIJINBUDEXIANGZHENG,“WEIKEXUEZHUYI”SHIZHANZHUDAODIWEIDESHIDAICHAOLIU;2、JIANDINGDEXIFANGBENWEIGUAN;DUIMINZUCHUANTONGDEXUWUZHUYI。 YINERZAIMEISHUJIETADEYINGXIANGZUIDA,ZHENGYIZUIDUO BENMA XUBEIHONGDECHUANGZUOHUODONGDAZHIFEN 4GESHIQI : ①LVOUSHIQI(1919~1927)。 ②SHENGQI(1928~1936) ,XINGCHENGLEMINGQUEDEXIANSHIZHUYIYISHUFENGGE 。 ③KANGZHANSHIQI(1937~1945)。ZHEISHIXUBEIHONGYISHUCHUANGZUODEDINGSHENGSHIQI。 ④HOUQI(1946~1953)。 JIUFANGGAO(1931) 1932NIANZHU《HUAFAN·XU》,TICHU“XINQIFA”:①WEIZHIDEYI,②BILIZHUNQUE,③HEIBAIFENMING,④DONGZUOHUOZITAITIANRAN,⑤QINGZHONGHEXIE,⑥XINGGEBIXIAN,⑦CHUANSHENADU。 YUEYE LIJIANGCHUNYU TIANHENGWUBAISHI(1930) TIXIANLETADEAIGUOZHUYIHERENDAOZHUYICHUANGZUOSIXIANG,DAIBIAOZHETAYISHENGDEZHUYAOCHUANGZUODAOLU XIWOHOU(1933) TAIGEERXIANG(1940) XIMALAYASHANZHILIN LINGJIU TAISHIHESHAOSHI YUGONGYISHAN(1940) 《YUGONGYISHAN》JUBU 2、LITIEFU(1869-1952) GUANGDONGHESHANREN。CENGFUYING、MEILIUXUE。SHIJINDAIMEISHUSHISHANGHENZAOCHUGUOLIUXUEZHE。 DAIBIAOZUO:《YINLEJIA》《LAOJIAOSHI》《SHAONV》DENG 3、LISHUTONG(1880-1952) ZHEJIANGPINGHU(JIANGXIHONGDONG)REN,SHENGYUTIANJIN CENGFURIBENLIUXUE,BUJINXUEYOUHUA,HAIXUEYINLE。SHIZHONGGUOHUAJUYUNDONGDECHUANGSHIRENZHIYI。CENGCANJIAYANCHU《CHAHUANV》DENG。HUIGUOHOUZHUBIAN《WENMEIZAZHI》。 CENGRENZHEJIANGLIANGJISHIFANXUEXIAO、NANJINGGAODENGSHIFANDEYINLE、MEISHUJIAOSHI YISHENGDUOCAIDUOYI,DANZUOPINDADOUSANSHI 1918NIAN8YUE19RI,ZAIHANGZHOUHUPAODINGHUISIGUIYIFOMEN。1942NIANZAIFUJIANQUANZHOUYUANJI。“BEIXINJIAOJI”SIGEZISHIQIZUIHOUYIYAN JINGWUSHUICAI HEYEQINGTING 4、YANWENLIANG(1893-1988) JIANGSUSUZHOUREN CENGFUFAGUOLIUXUE。ZAIXIANDAIHUIHUASHISHANG,YANWENLIANGDEHUODONGYOUZHEBUXIAODEYINGXIANG。SHIWOGUOZAOQIMEISHUZHANLANHUI--MEISHUHUASAIHUIDEFAQIRENZHIYI。ZAITICHANGXINYISHUYUNDONGHECHANGBANMEISHUJIAOYUFANGMIANDEGONGXIANHENDA 5、LVSIBAI(1905-1973) JIANGSUJIANGYINREN CENGLIUXUEFAGUO,YOUXUEYIDALI、DEGUO、BILISHI、YINGGUO。CHUBANYOU《LVSIBAIHUAJI》 DAIBIAOZUOYOU《TIANJIANQIUSE》、《SHUDAOFENGJING》、《ZHANGCHENG》DENG 6、WUZUOREN(1908-1997) ANHUIJINGXIANREN CENGLIUXUEFAGUO、BILISHI DAIBIAOZUOYOU《FUSHUINV》、《QIBAISHI》、《MUTUO》DENG ZANGNVFUSHUI QIBAISHIXIANG LIBEN RENZHONGDAOYUAN JIN YU 7、GUANLIANG、NIYIDE、PANGXUNQIN、SITUQIAO、CHANGSHUHONG、ZHAOWANGYUN、YUBEN、TANGYIHEDENG 8、NVHUAJIAYOU:PANYULIANG、FANGJUNBI、SUNDUOCIDENG DIWUJIE:ERSHISHIJISHANGBANYEBANHUAJIQIDAIBIAOHUAJIA BANHUAZAIZHONGGUODECHUANBO DAIBIAOHUAJIA YI、BANHUAZAIZHONGGUODECHUANBO MINZUJIEFANGDOUZHENGDEXUYAO LUXUNXIANSHENGDECUDONG DEGUOBANHUADEYINGXIANG ER、DAIBIAOHUAJIA 1、LIQUN(1912-) SHANXITAIYUANREN 1940NIANDAOYANANRENLUYIMEISHUXIJIAOYUAN ZAIYANANDEZHUYAOZUOPINYOU:《YIN》、《YUNMU》、《FAMU》、《YANAN“LUYI”XIAOJING》、《LAODONGYINGXIONGZHAOZHANKUI》DENG 2、HUYICHUAN(1910-?) FUJIANYONGDINGREN ZAOQIDEZUOPIN《LIULI》、《JIMIN》CANJIALE“YIBAYISHE”ZAISHANGHAIDEZHANLAN,SHOUDAOLUXUNDEHAOPING。DAIBIAOZUOPINYOU《ZHABEIFENGJING》、《DAOQIANXIANQU》 DAOYANANLUYIZUOJIAOYUANHOUCHUANGZUOLE《JUNMINHEZUO》、《JIANCHIKANGZHAN、FANDUITOUJIANG》、《BURANGDIRENTONGGUO》、《SHENGLIGUILAI》DENGZUOPIN,CUGUANGHAOFANG、SECAIQIANGLIE。 3、JIANGFENG(1910-1982) SHANGHAIREN CENGWEILUXUNZHUBANDEMUKEJIANGXISUODECHENGYUANZHIYI,CANJIAJIANLICHUNDIYANJIUSUO。QIHOUZUZHI“SHANGHAIMUKEXIEHUI”DENG 1938NIANCHUDAOYANAN,ZAILUYIDANGJIAOYUAN,HOURENMEISHUBUZHUREN。50NIANDAIHOU,RENGUOZHONGYANGMEIYUANYUANZHANGDENGZHI DAIBIAOZUOPINYOU《MATOUGONGREN》、《SHENPAN》、《ZHANSHI》、《BAOWEIJIAXIANG》、《SHANGHAIDISANCIGONGRENBAODONG》JIZUHUA《PINGXINGGUAN》DENG 4、WOZHA(1905-1974) ZHEJIANGREN 1936NIANYUJIANGFENG、YEFUDENGZUZHI“TIEMABANHUAHUI”,CHUBAN《TIEMABANHUA》。FABIAOLEZAOQIMUKEZUOPIN《SHUIZAI》、《KONGBU》DENG 1937NIANDAOYANAN,CENGRENLUYIMEISHUXIZHUREN。ZHEIQIJIANDEZUOPINYOU:《JUNMINDACHENGYIPIAN》、《DUOHUIWOMENDENIUYANG》、《BALUJUNTIEQIBING》DENG。 5、MADA(1903-1978) GUANGXIREN 1938NIANDAOYANAN,ZAILUYIRENJIAO。50NIANDAIHOURENMEIXIETIANJINFENHUIZHUXI DAIBIAOZUOPIN:《WUYUE》、《LUXUNXIANG》《JISHUI》、《TUIMO》DENG 6、CHENYANQIAO(1911-1970) GUANGDONGREN 1933NIAN4YUEQIYULUXUNTONGXIN,QIZUOPIN《MONVGONG》、《TIANZAI》、《TOUSU》、《SHOUSHANGZHEDENAHAN》YOULUXUNXUANSONGBALICANJIA“ZHONGGUOGEMINGDEYISHUZHANLANHUI” 1934NIANLUXUNBIANYIN《MUKEJICHENG》SHI,XUANYONGLETADE《LA》、《CHUANG》、《FENGJING》SANFUZUOPIN 1935NIANCHUBAN《CHENYANQIAOMUKEJI》,1945NIANCHUBAN《LUXUNYUMUKE》 50NIANDAIHOU,CENGRENGUANGXIYISHUXUEYUANFUYUANZHANG、MEIXIEGUANGXIFENHUIZHUXI DAIBIAOZUOPIN:《YI·ERBAHUIYI》《LUXUNYUGAOERJI》、《LUXUNYUMINZUGEMINGZHANZHENG》、《XIANGZHAN》、《XIUXI》DENG。 7、YEFU(1909-1973) ZHEJIANGREN CENGCANYUZUZHI“YEFENGHUAHUI”、“TIEMABANHUAHUI”DENG 50NIANDAIHOU,RENZHEJIANGMEIYUANJIAOSHOUDENGZHI DAIBIAOZUOPIN:《LIMING》、《BODOU》、《XUANCHUAN》DENG。 DILIUJIE:ERSHISHIJISHANGBANYEMANHUAJIQIDAIBIAOHUAJIA MANHUADEZHUYAOTEZHENGYULISHIHUIGU DAIBIAOHUAJIA YI、MANHUADEZHUYAOTEZHENGYULISHIHUIGU 1、MANHUADEZHUYAOTEZHENG ZHENBIANSHIBI、XINLAFENGCI、XINGSHIZIYOULINGHUO,LINLIJINZHIDEKEHUAYUBIANCHISHEHUILOUXI、GUANCHANGCHOUE、SHIXIANGBAITAIDENG,NENGYINQIDUZHEDENONGHOUXINGQU,JIQISHENGUANGDESHEHUIXIAOGUO 2、MANHUADELISHIHUIGU MANHUADEFAZHANYUYINSHUASHUDEJINBUYOUYIDINGGUANXI 1884NIAN5YUE8RICHUANGKANDE《DIANSHIZHAIHUABAO》SHISHIYINHUABAODEKAIDUAN。HOULAI,SHIYINHUABAOFENGXINGYISHI DANGSHISHIYINHUABAOKANDENGDEMANHUA,CHENGWEIBUTONG。YOUSHICHENG“FENGSHIHUA”、“YUYIHUA”、“HUAJIHUA”,YOUSHICHENG“FENGCIHUA”、“SHIHUA” 1925NIAN《WENXUE》ZHOUBAOZUIXIANFABIAOFENGZIKAIHUAZUOSHI,SHICAIYONG“MANHUA”ZHEIYIMINGCHENGDEKAISHI。 ER、DAIBIAOHUAJIA 1、XINHAIGEMINGQIANHOUQIDEMANHUADAIBIAORENWU: ZHANGYUGUANG、QIANBINGHE、MAXINGCHI、DANDUNING、SHENBOCHEN、HUANGWENNONG、DINGSONGDENG。 2、30NIANDAIHOUDEMANHUADAIBIAORENWU: FENGZIKAI、YEQIANYU、ZHANGGUANGYU、LIAOBINGXIONG、HUAJUNWU、ZHANGLEPING、MIGU、DINGCONGDENG。 FENGZIKAI(1898~1975) ZHONGGUOXIANDAIMANHUAJIA、FANYIJIA、WENXUEJIA 。 1921NIANCHUNFURIBENLIUXUE,ZAIDONGJINGXUEXIHUIHUA、YINLE,BINGJIESHICHENZHIFO、GUANLIANGDENG,HUIGUOHOUYIMANHUASHUXIEGUSHIYIJING、ERTONGSHENGHUODENG, FENGZIKAIRENWEI:“MANHUASHIZHUZHONGYIYIERYOUXIANGZHENG、FENGCI、JISHUZHIYONGDE,YONGLVEBIERKUAZHANGDIMIAOXIEDEYIZHONGHUIHUA 。 MANHUATESE: ①FUYOUSHENGHUOQINGQU,YIXIESHIFAMIAOXIERENQINGSHITAI。ZUOPINDUOBIAOXIANSHEHUIXIACENGPINGMINDERICHANGSHENGHUO,CHANGYIERTONGSHENGHUOWEITICAI 。 ②XIAOZHONGJIANDA,XIANWAIYOUYIN。QUCAIYUPINGFANDESHENGHUOXIAOSHI,QUENENGCHUFAGUANZHELIANXIANG,RANGRENGANDAOYUWEIWUQIONG,ZAISISUOZHIHOUYOUSUOLINGWU。 ③ZAOXINGJIANKUO,XINGXIANGZHUNQUE,QINGTAIZHIPO、SHENGDONG;YONGBILIUCHANG,XIANTIAOJIANLIAN、POSU,FUYOUBIAOXIANLI。 ④YOUNONGHOUDEWENXUEQUWEI。TARENWEIMANHUASHIHANYOUDUOLIANGDEWENXUEXINGZHIDEYIZHONGHUIHUA。MANHUASHIJIEYUHUIHUAYUWENXUEZHIJIANDEYIZHONGYISHU。 GUANGMINGWULIANG YINGTAOSHULE YEQIANYU(1907—1995) ZHEJIANGTONGLUREN,ZHONGGUOXIANDAIMANHUAJIA、ZHONGGUOHUAJIA 。 1927NIANQI,SHIZUOMANHUA,CHUWEI《SHANGHAIMANHUA》ZUOMANHUA,ZAOQIDAIBIAOZUOWEIZHANGPIANLIANHUANMANHUA《WANGXIANSHENG》。 1937NIAN,YEQIANYURENSHANGHAI《JIUWANGMANHUA》BIANWEI,JIANMANHUAXUANCHUANDUILINGDUI,ZAINANJINGBANJIETOUKANGRIHUAZHAN 。 1942NIAN,ZUOGUIZHOUMIAOQULVXINGXIESHENG,SHIYIMINJIANYISHUHECHUANTONGBIMOXIANGJIEHE,YIXUNQIUXINDEZAOXINGYUYAN ,GUIGUOHOUHUAYINDUWU,JUXINGLVYINHUAZHAN,SHITAYOUMANHUAXIANGZHONGGUOHUACHUANGZUODEZHUANZHE 。ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOJIANLIHOU,RENZHONGYANGMEISHUXUEYUANJIAOSHOU LASAWUBU SANRENWU BAISHECHUAN ZHONGHUAMINZUDATUANJIE DIQIJIE:ERSHISHIJISHANGBANYEYUEFENPAIHUAYUDAIBIAOHUAJIA YUEFENPAIDEXINGQI DAIBIAOHUAJIA YI、YUEFENPAIDEXINGQI 1、YUEFENPAIMINGCHENGDEYOULAI “YUEFENPAI”YICIZUIZAOCHUXIANYUQINGGUANGXU22NIAN(1896NIAN)。DANGSHIZAIFANHUADESHANGHAISIMALUSHANGYOUYIJIAHONGFULAILVSONGDAPIAOXING,SUICAIPIAOFENGSONGLEYIZHONG《HUJINGKAICAITU·ZHONGXIYUEFENPAI》HUAPIAN。CITUPIANCHUXIANZHIHOU,“YUEFENPAI”ZHEIGEMINGCIJIUBEIYANYONGLEXIALAI 2、YUEFENPAITUOTAIYUSHANGYEGUANGGAO WAIGUOZIBENJIAZAISHANGHAIBANGONGCHANG,KAIYANGXING,WEILEJINXINGSHANGPINCUXIAO,SHIYONGLEYUEFENPAIZUOWEITAMENJINXINGGUANGGAOXUANCHUANDEZUIHAOXINGSHI 3、YUEFENPAIDETEDIAN YUEFENPAISHIZHONGGUOCHUANTONGNIANHUADEYIGEFENZHI,FAXIANGDISHISHANGHAI ZUICHUYONGCABIDANCAIZUOHUA,YIJINDAIYINSHUASHUABANYINCHENGCAISEHUAPIAN,BINGFUYOUYINYANGLIHESIJIJIEQIPAICHENGDENIANLIBIAO,HAIYOUCHANGSHANGDESHANGPINGUANGGAO SUIZHEQIYINSHUAZHUJIANJINGMEI,YUEFENPAICHENGWEISHISHANG ER、DAIBIAOHUAJIA 1、ZHENGMANTUO ANHUIREN YUANZAIHANGZHOUERYOUXUANZHAOXIANGGUANHUARENXIANG,1914NIANDAOSHANGHAIMOUSHENG,BEIYIXIYAOSHANGKANZHONG,KAISHIGUANGGAOHUASHENGYA。TASHIDIYIGEHUAYUEFENPAIDEREN TABAHUACABIXIAOXIANGDEFANGFAYUNYONGDAOYUEFENPAIZHONGLAI,ZAICHUANTONGNIANHUAZHIWAILINGPIXIJING。TADEHUASHOUFAXINI,ZAOXINGZHUNQUE,ZHENSHIGANQIANG,SHIYIDANCAIZHIHOURENWUYOUROUNENDEJIFUGAN QIYINXINGDEDIYIFUYUEFENPAISHI1914NIANZAISHENMEISHUGUANHUADE《WANZHUANGTU》,HUASHANGYOUGAOJIANFUDETIBA QITADAIBIAOZUOYOU:《GUIFEICHUYU》、《NVZIDAWANGQIU》、《NVZIDUTIANYANLUN》DENG 2、HANGZHIYING(1900-1947) ZHEJIANGNINGHAIREN 18SUIKAISHICHUBANLAOYUEFENPAIHUA。23SUISHIDULICHUANGBANLE“ZHIYINGHUASHI”,YOUHEYIMEI、JINXUECHEN、LIMUBAIDENGRENJIARU ZAIJIFASHANG,HANGZHIYINGZAIZHENGMANTUOCABIDANCAIDEJICHUSHANGYOUYOUXINFAZHAN。TAHUADEGENGWEIXINI,HAIXISHOULEWAIGUOCAISEKATONGJIGUANGGAOHUAJIQIAO,GOUTUHUOPO,SECAIFENGFUXIANLIANG,SHENSHOUQUNZHONGXIHUAN DAIBIAOZUO:《LINCHUANGTU》

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